Perspective: How Do We Meet the Reproductive Health Needs of People with Substance Use Disorders? Integration of Services Is Key

February 19, 2021

Denise Raybon

Jennifer Rogers

How Do We Meet the Reproductive Health Needs of People with Substance Use Disorders? Integration of Services Is Key

Can we talk of integration until there is integration of hearts and minds? Unless you have this, you only have a physical presence and the walls between us are as high as the mountain range. —Chief Dan George

How do we break down walls? How do we integrate health care services to holistically meet the needs of our community? Research has shown that integrating care can lead to improved patient experience and health outcomes. In particular, the integration of family planning (FP) services and services for those with a substance use disorder (SUD) is critical to ensuring the reproductive health needs of those with SUD are met.

Administered by the Office of Population Affairs (OPA), Title X family planning programs provide services to assist in achieving or preventing pregnancy, STI prevention, and a host of related prevention services. People with SUD report an unmet need for family planning services, with only half reporting using contraception. Those who do use contraception rely mostly on “moderately effective” methods. These challenges are compounded by the fact that when people with SUD seek care from providers, they often experience stigma, judgment, and shame creating further barriers to their care.

Family planning clinics are well positioned to screen for substance use, as they are often the primary entry point to the health care system for women. OPA strongly encourages its grantees to screen for substance use disorders and provide referrals, when appropriate. However, in a recent survey, only half of family planning clinics reported making external referrals for patients who screened positive for substance use disorder.

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Reaching a growing number of people with both family planning needs and substance disorders requires an interdisciplinary approach. With funding from OPA, Altarum is breaking down walls by conducting a multi-faceted research study using an innovative cross-training model. The cross training brings together family planning and SUD providers from the same geographic region and is designed to equip providers with the skills and self-efficacy to effectively screen and refer their clients.

The study will look at the effectiveness of the cross training in 1) Increasing SUD screenings and referrals between providers, 2) Increasing linkages between providers and 3) Increasing providers ability to provide person-centered care for men and women of child-bearing age with opioid use disorder and other SUDs. The trainees participate in an interactive, cross-discipline training and six months of follow up technical assistance. The study will also include a financial and economic analyses focusing on the benefits for individual clinics and providers, including expected increases in patient volumes, patient retention, and overall quality of care, as well as broader societal benefits.

This project reflects Altarum’s unique ability to assemble multi-disciplinary teams that are flexible, thoughtful, and innovative. Our project team includes subject matter experts in family planning and substance use disorders, expert trainers and evaluators, and staff skilled in economic analysis and forecasting.

Our unique approach reflects Altarum’s commitment to improve patient-provider interactions, to build systems that promote collaboration, and to reduce stigma. To learn more about our project, watch this short video featuring the voices of the community we serve.

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Altarum is a nonprofit organization that creates and implements solutions to advance health among at-risk and disenfranchised populations.
How Do We Meet the Reproductive Health Needs of People with Substance Use Disorders? Integration of Services Is Key

Perspective

Denise Raybon  - MPH

Senior Specialist, Women's Health

Denise specializes in health equity, women’s health, HIV prevention, and family planning. She is a skilled group facilitator with experience in training, curriculum development, health communications, and outreach to diverse populations and communities. She holds a master's degree in public health from George Washington University.

Jennifer Rogers  - MPH

Project Director, Women's Health

Jenn leads a variety of women's health and reproductive health projects and policy initiatives. She holds a master's degree in public health with a concentration in maternal and child health from Boston University.